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Exhibits

The Brigham Collection of Canada is the greatest assembly of philatelic material of Canada ever put together. It is the only time a successful attempt has been made to collect in depth not only the first issues of a country but the whole country. It is also the only time a complete collection of all the issues of Canada from 1851 to 1925, including all the essays of unissued stamps, have been assembled.In order to record this collection for posterity, a number of steps have been taken. The first is a series of detailed catalogues which will accompany the sales of this outstanding material (www.brighamauctions.com). The second is the production of high quality books containing exact replicas of the exhibits as they were displayed at stamp exhibitions around the world. To order these click here. The third is to display the exhibits in a modified version on this website. The exhibits on this website will cover thirteen issues that were mounted or remounted for display between 1997 and 2014: The Pence, The Cents, The Large Queens, The Small Queens, The Jubilees, The Leaves, The Numerals. The Imperial Penny Post, The Edward VII, The 1908 Quebec Tercentenary, the unissued 1914 Macdonald-Cartier, The Admirals and The War Tax. They will be ordered chronologically so as to better show the breadth and variety of Canada’s philatelic heritage.

The Large Queen Issue

Premium WordPress Themes As for The Pence and Cents exhibits, the greatness of the Large Queen exhibit owes much to the “Lindemann Collection”. Ian Bett, the owner of the collection, was a fierce competitor of Ron Brigham. As they both collected the same areas, they frequently went head-to-head at many auctions and sales. They both loved the art of engraving found in essays and proofs and the pristine and crisp colours used to produce them. While Ian Bett was attracted to single, well-centered stamps, Ron Brigham had a fondness for blocks and large multiples. Both were less than enamoured with “dirty brown covers” but they also recognized the need to collect great postal history to round out their collections and exhibits. Ian Bett’s untimely death in August 1996 put an end to this friendly rivalry with his estate giving Ron Brigham the right of first refusal to some of the “Lindemann Collection” material.The Large Queen exhibit is one of three exhibits from The Brigham Collection to have qualified for and shown in the Fédération Internationale de Philatélie’s (FIP) Championship Class. A full list of awards for The Large Queen exhibit can be found in the auction catalogue or at the Awards page on this website.

The Jubilee Issue

Premium WordPress Themes In 1897, Queen Victoria celebrated her Diamond Jubilee and the Post Office Department decided to issue a single 3¢ commemorative to celebrate the event. Trial colour proofs in many colours were prepared. However before the stamp was issued, the new Postmaster General, Sir William Mulock, decided that a more substantial series of stamps was warranted. Sir William had a great interest in stamps and decided to emulate the United States 1893 Columbian Exposition stamp series. He instructed Post Office officials to issue 16 stamps ranging from ½¢ to $5. The stamps depicted the Queen in two portraits; one at the beginning of her reign in 1837, the famous Chalon portrait, and one in 1897.
A full list of awards for all of the exhibits can be found at the Awards page on this website.

The Maple Leaf Issue

Premium WordPress ThemesThe Small Queen issue was in use for more than 25 years when the new Government of Sir Wilfrid Laurier decided that a new set of definitive stamps was warranted. At the same time the Post Office changed printers for the production of its stamps. A full list of awards for all of the exhibits can be found at the Awards page on this website.

The Numeral Issue

Premium WordPress ThemesThe Maple Leaf issue did not have the denomination in Arabic numerals. This caused a problem for postal clerks who had to rely on colour to identify the stamps in sometimes difficult lighting circumstances. Additionally, and more importantly politically, the denomination were written in English only causing difficulty for more than 25% of the population whose mother tongue was French and spoke little or no English. Finally, it was more difficult for the illiterate portion of the population to identify the stamps without the numerals. So, less than a year after its introduction, the Maple Leaf issue was replaced by the Numeral Issue. A full list of awards for all of the exhibits can be found at the Awards page on this website.

Imperial Penny Postage – Map Stamps

Premium WordPress Themes It is commonly called the “Map” stamp or the world’s first Christmas stamp. The stamp, whose preliminary sketches were conceived by Sir William Mulock, was issued to commemorate the introduction of the Imperial Penny Postage rate of 2¢ to almost everywhere in the British Empire. The rate went into effect on Christmas Day 1898 and created an anomaly where the domestic rate and the rate to the United States remained 3¢ until January 1, 1899, when they were both reduced to 2¢. A full list of awards for all of the exhibits can be found at the Awards page on this website.

The War Tax Issue

Premium WordPress ThemesIn order to supplement war revenues, the Canadian Parliament authorized the levy of 1¢ on all letters and postcards mailed within Canada from April 15, 1915. The printing die was approved on February 18, 1915. A full list of awards for all of the exhibits can be found at the Awards page on this website.

Sheets Pence & Cents Issue

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets Small Queens Issue

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets Jubilee Issue

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets Leaf and Numeral Issues

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets Queen Victoria Era — Provisionals

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets King Edward VII Era

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets King Edward VII Era — Quebec Tercentenary

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets King George V Era — Admiral Issues

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets King George V Era — Scroll Issue

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets King George V Era — Arch-Leaf Issue

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets King George V Era — Imperial Economic Conference

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets King George V Era — Medallion Issue

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets King George V Era — Commemoratives (1932-1934)

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets King George V Era — Silver Jubilee Issue

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets King George V Era — Pictorial Issue

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets King George VI Era (1937-1952) — Mufti Issue

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets King George VI Era — Pictorial Issue

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets King George VI Era — Coronation and Royal Visit Issues

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets King George VI Era — War Issue

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets King George VI Era — Peace Issue

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets King George VI Era — 1947-1952 Issues

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets King George VI Era — 1947-1952 Issue/Queen Elizabeth II Era (1953 – 1957)

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets King George VI Era (1951-1952)

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets Queen Elizabeth II Era (1953 – )

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets Back of Book — Airmails

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets Back of Book — Special Delivery

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets Back of Book — Registration

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets Back of Book — Admiral War Tax

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets Back of Book — Overprinted Officials

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets Back of Book — Federal Revenues

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

Sheets British Commonwealth: Newfoundland

Premium WordPress ThemesThe following files comprise the Sheets section of Mr. Brigham’s Collection. They have not necessarily been exhibited but are certainly worthy of exhibit and are being preserved intact “digitally” here.

The Admirals, George V, 1911-1931

Premium WordPress ThemesIn large measure, the variety of material in the Admiral Issue is due to the vast number of plates used by the Post Office to print this issue during its 17 years of constant use before it was replaced in 1928-1929 by the Scroll Issue – a single provisional Admiral appeared in 1931 and it is included in this sale. The major reason for the multiplicity of plates was the difficulty of finding good steel to prepare the plates as a result of World War I. Because of early wear of the plates, the shortage of paper and its quality during wartime, and the need to replace the German dry inks used in the early printings (1911-1914) the Admiral issue has become the most popular collecting and study area of 20th Century Canadian philately.

King George V: 50th, 60th Anniversary of Confederation

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During this 35-year period there were ten definitive issues and more than twenty commemorative series featuring Kings George V and VI. The emphasis in the building of The Brigham Collection for these issues was put on the important pre-production material, printing and plate varieties and plate number blocks. As no stamps were issued during the reign of Edward VI there are but two lots for this king (333-334). No collection of Canada is complete without a representation of this reign. The paucity of King Edward VIII pre-production material is due to the Post Office Department’s insistence that all work, including die proofs, be destroyed.

King George V: 1927 Historical Issue

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During this 35-year period there were ten definitive issues and more than twenty commemorative series featuring Kings George V and VI. The emphasis in the building of The Brigham Collection for these issues was put on the important pre-production material, printing and plate varieties and plate number blocks. As no stamps were issued during the reign of Edward VI there are but two lots for this king (333-334). No collection of Canada is complete without a representation of this reign. The paucity of King Edward VIII pre-production material is due to the Post Office Department’s insistence that all work, including die proofs, be destroyed.

King George V: 1928-29 Scroll Issue

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During this 35-year period there were ten definitive issues and more than twenty commemorative series featuring Kings George V and VI. The emphasis in the building of The Brigham Collection for these issues was put on the important pre-production material, printing and plate varieties and plate number blocks. As no stamps were issued during the reign of Edward VI there are but two lots for this king (333-334). No collection of Canada is complete without a representation of this reign. The paucity of King Edward VIII pre-production material is due to the Post Office Department’s insistence that all work, including die proofs, be destroyed.

King George V: Arch Issue (Part I thru 3c)

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During this 35-year period there were ten definitive issues and more than twenty commemorative series featuring Kings George V and VI. The emphasis in the building of The Brigham Collection for these issues was put on the important pre-production material, printing and plate varieties and plate number blocks. As no stamps were issued during the reign of Edward VI there are but two lots for this king (333-334). No collection of Canada is complete without a representation of this reign. The paucity of King Edward VIII pre-production material is due to the Post Office Department’s insistence that all work, including die proofs, be destroyed.

King George V: Arch Issue (Part II thru end)

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During this 35-year period there were ten definitive issues and more than twenty commemorative series featuring Kings George V and VI. The emphasis in the building of The Brigham Collection for these issues was put on the important pre-production material, printing and plate varieties and plate number blocks. As no stamps were issued during the reign of Edward VI there are but two lots for this king (333-334). No collection of Canada is complete without a representation of this reign. The paucity of King Edward VIII pre-production material is due to the Post Office Department’s insistence that all work, including die proofs, be destroyed.

King George V: Imperial Economic Conference 1932

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During this 35-year period there were ten definitive issues and more than twenty commemorative series featuring Kings George V and VI. The emphasis in the building of The Brigham Collection for these issues was put on the important pre-production material, printing and plate varieties and plate number blocks. As no stamps were issued during the reign of Edward VI there are but two lots for this king (333-334). No collection of Canada is complete without a representation of this reign. The paucity of King Edward VIII pre-production material is due to the Post Office Department’s insistence that all work, including die proofs, be destroyed.

King George V: Medallion Issue

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During this 35-year period there were ten definitive issues and more than twenty commemorative series featuring Kings George V and VI. The emphasis in the building of The Brigham Collection for these issues was put on the important pre-production material, printing and plate varieties and plate number blocks. As no stamps were issued during the reign of Edward VI there are but two lots for this king (333-334). No collection of Canada is complete without a representation of this reign. The paucity of King Edward VIII pre-production material is due to the Post Office Department’s insistence that all work, including die proofs, be destroyed.

King George V: 1933,34 Commemoratives

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During this 35-year period there were ten definitive issues and more than twenty commemorative series featuring Kings George V and VI. The emphasis in the building of The Brigham Collection for these issues was put on the important pre-production material, printing and plate varieties and plate number blocks. As no stamps were issued during the reign of Edward VI there are but two lots for this king (333-334). No collection of Canada is complete without a representation of this reign. The paucity of King Edward VIII pre-production material is due to the Post Office Department’s insistence that all work, including die proofs, be destroyed.

King George V: Silver Jubilee 1935

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During this 35-year period there were ten definitive issues and more than twenty commemorative series featuring Kings George V and VI. The emphasis in the building of The Brigham Collection for these issues was put on the important pre-production material, printing and plate varieties and plate number blocks. As no stamps were issued during the reign of Edward VI there are but two lots for this king (333-334). No collection of Canada is complete without a representation of this reign. The paucity of King Edward VIII pre-production material is due to the Post Office Department’s insistence that all work, including die proofs, be destroyed.

King George V: Maple Leaf/Pictorial Issue

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During this 35-year period there were ten definitive issues and more than twenty commemorative series featuring Kings George V and VI. The emphasis in the building of The Brigham Collection for these issues was put on the important pre-production material, printing and plate varieties and plate number blocks. As no stamps were issued during the reign of Edward VI there are but two lots for this king (333-334). No collection of Canada is complete without a representation of this reign. The paucity of King Edward VIII pre-production material is due to the Post Office Department’s insistence that all work, including die proofs, be destroyed.

King George V: The “Last Spike”

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During this 35-year period there were ten definitive issues and more than twenty commemorative series featuring Kings George V and VI. The emphasis in the building of The Brigham Collection for these issues was put on the important pre-production material, printing and plate varieties and plate number blocks. As no stamps were issued during the reign of Edward VI there are but two lots for this king (333-334). No collection of Canada is complete without a representation of this reign. The paucity of King Edward VIII pre-production material is due to the Post Office Department’s insistence that all work, including die proofs, be destroyed.

King Edward VIII

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During this 35-year period there were ten definitive issues and more than twenty commemorative series featuring Kings George V and VI. The emphasis in the building of The Brigham Collection for these issues was put on the important pre-production material, printing and plate varieties and plate number blocks. As no stamps were issued during the reign of Edward VI there are but two lots for this king (333-334). No collection of Canada is complete without a representation of this reign. The paucity of King Edward VIII pre-production material is due to the Post Office Department’s insistence that all work, including die proofs, be destroyed.

King George VI: Mufti Issue

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During this 35-year period there were ten definitive issues and more than twenty commemorative series featuring Kings George V and VI. The emphasis in the building of The Brigham Collection for these issues was put on the important pre-production material, printing and plate varieties and plate number blocks. As no stamps were issued during the reign of Edward VI there are but two lots for this king (333-334). No collection of Canada is complete without a representation of this reign. The paucity of King Edward VIII pre-production material is due to the Post Office Department’s insistence that all work, including die proofs, be destroyed.

King George VI: Coronation, 1937

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During this 35-year period there were ten definitive issues and more than twenty commemorative series featuring Kings George V and VI. The emphasis in the building of The Brigham Collection for these issues was put on the important pre-production material, printing and plate varieties and plate number blocks. As no stamps were issued during the reign of Edward VI there are but two lots for this king (333-334). No collection of Canada is complete without a representation of this reign. The paucity of King Edward VIII pre-production material is due to the Post Office Department’s insistence that all work, including die proofs, be destroyed.

King George VI: Pictorial Issue

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During this 35-year period there were ten definitive issues and more than twenty commemorative series featuring Kings George V and VI. The emphasis in the building of The Brigham Collection for these issues was put on the important pre-production material, printing and plate varieties and plate number blocks. As no stamps were issued during the reign of Edward VI there are but two lots for this king (333-334). No collection of Canada is complete without a representation of this reign. The paucity of King Edward VIII pre-production material is due to the Post Office Department’s insistence that all work, including die proofs, be destroyed.

The Unissued Macdonald-Cartier Centennial Stamps of 1914

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The issue was originally proposed to commemorate the centenary of Georges-Étienne Cartier’s birth in 1814. Cartier had been a Father of Canadian Confederation. Six stamps were proposed with 20c being the highest denomination.

The 1908 Quebec Tercentenary Issue

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Eight stamps were issues. This issue celebrated the 300th Anniversary of the found of Quebec City by Samuel de Champlain in 1608.

Edward VII, 1903-1911

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The only Canadian definitive series of the reign of Edward VII by denomination with an emphasis on the study of the plates of the issue.

The Small Queen Issue 1870-1897

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This exhibit is developed in four sections and shows the history and usage of the postal issues of Canada from 1870-1897.

The 1891 Essays of the Canada Bank Note Engraving and Printing Co.

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The Canadian Bank Note Engraving and Printing Co. was organized by William C. Smillie, a former President of the BABN who had quit the company in 1881. In 1891 the CBNE&P made strenuous efforts to win the stamp printing contract.

Widow Weeds

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The Pence, 1851-1859

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This exhibit display the first stamps of Canada in two parts” the pence (1851-1859) and the first cents (1859-1868). The Province of Canada, a colony of Great Britain, took responsibility for its own Post Office on April 6, 1851. Stamps were proposed in February, 1851 and the first three values, the 3d., 6d. and 12d., were issued in April, Mary and June 1851. Two monetary systems were in use at the time: currency and sterling. two of the pence stamps, for rates to the United Kingdom by Canadian or British Packet, are denominate in both currency and sterling (71/2d. cy./3d. stg. and 10d cy/8d stg.). All others are in currency. On July 1, 1859, the Canadian government introduced monetary reform and the decimal system came into being and with it the stamps valued in cents.

The Cents, 1859-1868

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This exhibit display the first stamps of Canada in two parts” the pence (1851-1859) and the first cents (1859-1868). The Province of Canada, a colony of Great Britain, took responsibility for its own Post Office on April 6, 1851. Stamps were proposed in February, 1851 and the first three values, the 3d., 6d. and 12d., were issued in April, Mary and June 1851. Two monetary systems were in use at the time: currency and sterling. two of the pence stamps, for rates to the United Kingdom by Canadian or British Packet, are denominate in both currency and sterling (71/2d. cy./3d. stg. and 10d cy/8d stg.). All others are in currency. On July 1, 1859, the Canadian government introduced monetary reform and the decimal system came into being and with it the stamps valued in cents.